Yale University

Integrating HIV prevention into services for abused women in South Africa.

TitleIntegrating HIV prevention into services for abused women in South Africa.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsSikkema, Kathleen J., Sharon A. Neufeld, Nathan B. Hansen, Rakgadi Mohlahlane, Madri Jansen Van Rensburg, Melissa H. Watt, Ashley M. Fox, and Mary Crewe
JournalAIDS and behavior
Date Published2010 Apr
KeywordsAdult, Battered Women, Feasibility Studies, Female, Health Education, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Risk Reduction Behavior, Sexual Partners, South Africa, Spouse Abuse, Violence
AbstractThe relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV risk is well documented, but few interventions jointly address these problems. We developed and examined the feasibility of an intervention to reduce HIV risk behaviors among 97 women seeking services for IPV from a community-based NGO in Johannesburg, South Africa. Two versions of the intervention (a 6-session group and a 1-day workshop) were implemented, both focusing on HIV prevention strategies integrated with issues of gender and power imbalance. Attendance was excellent in both intervention groups. Assessments were conducted at baseline, post-intervention and two-month follow-up to demonstrate the feasibility of an intervention trial. Women in both groups reported reductions in HIV misperceptions and trauma symptoms, and increases in HIV knowledge, risk reduction intentions, and condom use self-efficacy. The 6-session group showed greater improvements in HIV knowledge and decreases in HIV misperceptions in comparison to the 1-day workshop. The study demonstrated the feasibility and potential benefit of providing HIV prevention intervention to women seeking assistance for IPV.
Alternate JournalAIDS Behav

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