Yale University

The role of injection drug use in the emergence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in Estonia.

TitleThe role of injection drug use in the emergence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in Estonia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsUusk├╝la, Anneli, Aneli Kalikova, Kai Zilmer, Lea Tammai, and Jack Dehovitz
JournalInternational journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
Volume6
Issue1
Pagination23-7
Date Published2002 Mar
ISSN1201-9712
KeywordsCommunicable Diseases, Emerging, Disease Notification, Disease Outbreaks, Estonia, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Incidence, Male, Population Surveillance, Substance Abuse, Intravenous
AbstractThis article reviews the marked increase in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among injection drug users (IDU) in Estonia, a former Soviet Union republic bordering the Baltic Sea. HIV infection associated with injecting drug use has been reported worldwide. In Eastern Europe large-scale HIV epidemics have been observed from 1995 onward, after injection drug use (IDU) communities became infected.
Alternate JournalInt. J. Infect. Dis.

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