Yale University

Drug interactions between buprenorphine, methadone and hepatitis C therapeutics.

TitleDrug interactions between buprenorphine, methadone and hepatitis C therapeutics.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsOgbuagu, Onyema, Gerald Friedland, and Douglas R. Bruce
JournalExpert opinion on drug metabolism & toxicology
Date Published2016 May 3
AbstractPeople who inject drugs (PWID) and other individuals with opioid use disorders have a dramatically higher prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection than the general population. The availability of novel direct acting antivirals (DAAs) for the treatment of HCV infection with very high efficacy, improved tolerability and shortened treatment durations have led to global efforts to ramp up treatment for all HCV-infected individuals to prevent or delay complications of the disease. Individuals with opioid use disorders, including those on medication-assisted therapy such as methadone or buprenorphine, are a key demographic group that can benefit from HCV treatment given their high HCV prevalence; however, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug interactions could blunt their utility. Areas covered: We performed a comprehensive literature review of published and unpublished data from PubMed database, relevant conference abstracts/proceedings and FDA approved drug package inserts, to review the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile and drug interactions between currently approved HCV DAAs and methadone and buprenorphine. Expert opinion: The paper highlights specific drug combinations which result in altered opioid drug levels including telaprevir/methadone, daclatasvir/buprenorphine, and Abbvie 3D combination regimen (paritaprevir, ritonavir, ombitasvir and dasabuvir)/buprenorphine. However, concurrent pharmacodynamics assessments did not reveal significant signs and symptoms of opioid withdrawal or toxicity that would preclude concurrent administration.
Alternate JournalExpert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol

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