Yale University

Emotional Intelligence and Callous-Unemotional Traits in Incarcerated Adolescents.

TitleEmotional Intelligence and Callous-Unemotional Traits in Incarcerated Adolescents.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKahn, Rachel E., Elsa Ermer, Peter Salovey, and Kent A. Kiehl
JournalChild psychiatry and human development
Date Published2016 Jan 16
AbstractEmotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to perceive, manage, and reason about emotions and to use this information to guide thinking and behavior adaptively. Youth with callous-unemotional (CU) traits demonstrate a variety of affective deficits, including impairment in recognition of emotion and reduced emotional responsiveness to distress or pain in others. We examined the association between ability EI and CU traits in a sample of incarcerated adolescents (n = 141) using an expert-rater device (Psychopathy Checklist Youth Version (PCL-YV; Manual for the Hare psychopathy checklist: Youth version. Multi-Health Systems, Toronto, 2003) and self-report assessments of CU traits. EI was assessed using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test-Youth Version, Research Version (MSCEIT-YV-R; MSCEIT YV: Mayer-Salovey-Caruso emotional intelligence test: Youth version, research version 1.0. Multi-Health Systems, Toronto, Ontario, 2005). Similar to findings in adult forensic populations, high levels of CU traits in incarcerated adolescents were associated with lower EI, particularly higher order EI skills. Identifying impairment on EI abilities may have important implications for emerging treatment and intervention developments for youth with high levels of CU traits.
Alternate JournalChild Psychiatry Hum Dev

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