Yale University

Parole officer-parolee relationships and HIV risk behaviors during community supervision.

TitleParole officer-parolee relationships and HIV risk behaviors during community supervision.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGreen, Traci C., Jennifer Johnson, Magdalena Harrington, Enrique R. Pouget, Anne G. Rhodes, Faye S. Taxman, Daniel J. O'Connell, Steven S. Martin, Michael Prendergast, and Peter D. Friedmann
JournalAIDS and behavior
Date Published2013 Oct
KeywordsAdult, Community Health Services, Criminals, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Law Enforcement, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Prisoners, Recurrence, Risk-Taking, Sexual Behavior, Sexual Partners, Social Support, United States
AbstractWe tested if good parole officer (PO)-parolee relationships reduce HIV risk behaviors during parole, as they do for risk of rearrest. Analyses used data from 374 parolees enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. Past month HIV risk behaviors were assessed by interview at baseline, 3- and 9-months after parole initiation. The Working Alliance Inventory and the Dual-Role Relationships Inventory measured PO relationship. Gender-stratified multivariate regressions tested associations of PO-parolee relationship with sex with multiple partners, unprotected sex with risky partner(s), and drug injection. Women parolees (n = 65) who reported better PO relationship characteristics were less likely to report having multiple sex partners [adjusted odds ratio: 0.82 (0.69, 0.98) at 3-months, 0.89 (0.80, 0.99) at 9-months], and, among those reporting multiple sex partners, had fewer partners on average [adjusted relative risk 0.98 (0.96, 0.99)]. These effects were not found among men. PO-parolee relationship quality can influence sexual risk behaviors among women parolees.
Alternate JournalAIDS Behav

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