Yale University

A pilot trial of a videogame-based exercise program for methadone maintained patients.

TitleA pilot trial of a videogame-based exercise program for methadone maintained patients.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCutter, Christopher J., Richard S. Schottenfeld, Brent A. Moore, Samuel A. Ball, Mark Beitel, Jonathan D. Savant, Matthew A. Stults-Kolehmainen, Christopher Doucette, and Declan T. Barry
JournalJournal of substance abuse treatment
Date Published2014 Jun 10
AbstractFew studies have examined exercise as a substance use disorder treatment. This pilot study investigated the feasibility and acceptability of an exercise intervention comprising the Wii Fit Plus™ and of a time-and-attention sedentary control comprising Wii™ videogames. We also explored their impact on physical activity levels, substance use, and psychological wellness. Twenty-nine methadone-maintained patients enrolled in an 8-week trial were randomly assigned to either Active Game Play (Wii Fit Plus™ videogames involving physical exertion) or Sedentary Game Play (Wii™ videogames played while sitting). Participants had high satisfaction and study completion rates. Active Game Play participants reported greater physical activity outside the intervention than Sedentary Game Play participants despite no such differences at baseline. Substance use decreased and stress and optimism improved in both conditions. Active Game Play is a feasible and acceptable exercise intervention, and Sedentary Game Play is a promising time-and-attention control. Further investigations of these interventions are warranted.
Alternate JournalJ Subst Abuse Treat

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