Yale University

Strategies for primary HIV prevention that target behavioral change.

TitleStrategies for primary HIV prevention that target behavioral change.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsSafren, Steven A., Gina Wingood, and Frederick L. Altice
JournalClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Volume45 Suppl 4
Date Published2007 Dec 15
KeywordsFemale, Health Behavior, Health Education, HIV Infections, Homosexuality, Male, Humans, Male, Risk Assessment, Risk Reduction Behavior, Sexual Behavior, Substance Abuse, Intravenous
AbstractIn the absence of a vaccine or cure, behavioral change remains the major method to prevent transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Public awareness campaigns that disseminate information about the risks and routes of transmission, although important, have an insufficient influence on the behavioral changes essential to reduce the risk of HIV infection. Because of the complex interplay of cultural and psychosocial influences that guides human behavior, specific programs to decrease high-risk behavior have been developed for target populations. In this report, tested initiatives for preventing HIV infection are summarized and their success evaluated for men who have sex with men, injection drug users, and women of minority racial groups. Objective evidence of reductions in high-risk behavior in these 3 groups, which account for the majority of HIV transmissions in the United States, has critical implications for reducing the overall rate of new HIV infections.
Alternate JournalClin. Infect. Dis.

External Links