Yale University

High prevalence of blood-borne virus infections and high-risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Tallinn, Estonia.

TitleHigh prevalence of blood-borne virus infections and high-risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Tallinn, Estonia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsUusk├╝la, Anneli, Louise Anne McNutt, Jack Dehovitz, Krista Fischer, and Robert Heimer
JournalInternational journal of STD & AIDS
Volume18
Issue1
Pagination41-6
Date Published2007 Jan
ISSN0956-4624
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Disease Transmission, Infectious, Estonia, Female, Hepacivirus, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C, HIV, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Needle-Exchange Programs, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Risk-Taking, Substance Abuse, Intravenous
AbstractThe HIV epidemic in Estonia is rapidly expanding, and injection drug users (IDUs) are the major risk group contributing to the expansion. A convenience sample of 159 IDUs visiting syringe-exchange programmes (SEPs) was selected to quantify the association of HIV-risk behaviours and blood-borne infections. A high prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B core antibody (HBVcore), hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) and hepatitis C virus antibodies (56, 85.1, 21.3, and 96.2%, respectively) was associated with high-risk injections, unsafe sexual behaviour and alcohol abuse. These findings emphasize the importance of evidence-based secondary prevention among the HIV-infected, especially given the uncertain sustainability of antiretroviral and substance abuse treatments.
DOI10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03149.x
Alternate JournalInt J STD AIDS

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