Yale University

Cigarette smoking in the HIV-infected population.

TitleCigarette smoking in the HIV-infected population.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsRahmanian, Shiva, Mary Ellen Wewers, Susan Koletar, Nancy Reynolds, Amy Ferketich, and Philip Diaz
JournalProceedings of the American Thoracic Society
Date Published2011 Jun
KeywordsAnti-Retroviral Agents, Body Mass Index, Cardiovascular Diseases, Drug Interactions, Educational Status, HIV Infections, Humans, Mental Disorders, Neoplasms, Nicotinic Agonists, Pneumonia, Bacterial, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Quality of Life, Risk Factors, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Social Class, Social Support, Substance-Related Disorders
AbstractAs mortality due to AIDS-related causes has decreased with the use of antiretroviral therapy, there has been a rise in deaths related to non-AIDS-defining illnesses. Given the exceedingly high prevalence of cigarette smoking among individuals living with HIV infection, tobacco has been implicated as a major contributor to this paradigm shift. Evidence suggests that smoking-related illnesses, such as cardiovascular disease, respiratory illnesses, and certain malignancies, contribute substantially to morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected persons. In this review, we summarize the adverse health consequences of smoking relevant to HIV-infected individuals and discuss smoking cessation in this unique population, including a discussion of barriers to quitting and a review of studies that have examined smoking cessation interventions.
Alternate JournalProc Am Thorac Soc

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